Pablo Picasso was one of the influential designers to have entered the world of art. He was born in Malaga, Spain in 1881. He stretched his styles out to encompass sculpting, and draughtsmanship, as well as painting and co-founded the Cubist movement.
Although born in Spain, Picasso spent most of his career in France, where his styles began to expand in his early years. Showing true potential and fascination in art at early childhood, he was given formal art training by his father at the primal age of seven.
His father, Don Jose Ruiz y Biasco, taught picas while he was a professor at the School of Fine Arts in A Coruna in 1891. Finding that his son had more talent then expected, his father observed him painting with detailed precision over a sketch of a pigeon at the age of thirteen. Discovering this, Ruiz, later on, asked officials to give his son an entrance exam for advanced art at the school, in which he was accepted.
His early teachings and skill in art took him to the art capital of Europe, which was Paris, France. Being out on his own at this time, he became friends with Max Jacob who was a journalist and poet. They then shared an apartment together, which both worked to pay for.
In 1901 he was living in Madrid and founded the magazine Arte Joven, meaning young art with his friend Francisco de Asis Soler. The first issue of the magazine was published on March 31, 1901. Picasso did cartoon illustrations for the magazine that related to the lower class community during this time.
In year 1905 American art collectors Leo and Gertrude Stein favored his work, as did their brother Michael Stein and his wife, Sarah. Gertrude eventually became his principal patron and showed his paintings at her home in Paris, until she moved to Italy.
At a showing, the artist met Henri Matisse, and both were introduced to other American art collectors Claribel Cone and her sister Etta. They both began to acquire Picasso and Matisse’s paintings.
In 1907, while working at a new gallery in Paris, which was opened by German art historian and collector Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, Picasso and George Braque both developed the style of Cubism art.
Since his early career in Paris, he went through various styles or periods with his illustrations. The most commonly known periods were the Blue period, the Rose period, and his founding of Cubism. The Blue Period held obscure paintings created with blue and blue-green shadings.
This period of paintings often showed doleful and gaunt mothers with children in which beggars and prostates were frequent subjects. He produced these pieces from 1901-1904, which can be seen in many museums today.
In 1904 he made a transition to the Rose Period, which had a more cheerful style with orange and pink colors. These illustrations featured a comedic character depicted in checkered patterns, known as a harlequin.
During this time, the Harlequin was his personal symbol, and it gave a buoyant mood to his creations. The most revolutionary style that Picasso used and co-founded was Analytic Cubism.
This design approach involved not only his creative eye but also another artist named Georges Braque. Both painters would study objects by breaking them down regarding the shape. After doing so, the portrait would be given a variety of texture, color, and collage.
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