5. Hermes and the Infant Dionysus
“Hermes and the Infant Dionysus” is a Hellenistic statue made from Parian marble, discovered in 1877 during excavations of the Hera temple in Olympia. The height of Hermes figure is 7 feet. The statue is in the collection of the Archaeological Museum of Olympia. Limbs of Hermes and Dionysus figures are partially lost and Hermes’s hair has traces of cinnabar coating.
Themis in Greek mythology is the goddess of justice, the second wife of Zeus. Themis is always portrayed with blindfolded eyes, as a symbol of impartiality, with a cornucopia and weights in hand. Themis is an ancient symbol of measure and justice. On the scales of justice, she weighs good and evil, actions committed by mortals during life. The posthumous fate of people depended on which cup would outweigh. The cornucopia in the hand of Themis is a symbol of retribution or no retribution to the one who appeared before her court.
3. The Thinker
Thinker is one of the most famous sculptural works of Auguste Rodin. The master worked on it in 1880-1882. The original sculpture is exhibited in the Rodin Museum in Paris. According to the author’s original intention, the sculpture was called “The Poet” and was part of the composition “The Gates of Hell” based on “The Divine Comedy”, depicting Dante. Over time, Rodin’s plan was complicated, in particular the image of Dante was replaced by a universal image of the creator. Following the traditions of the classical sculpture of Michelangelo, Rodin endowed his hero with physical power. The model for the famous sculpture was a Frenchman named Jean Bo, a muscular boxer, living in Paris. There are more than 20 bronze and plaster copies of the statue in different cities scattered all over the world. In particular, a bronze copy of the sculpture is installed on the grave of the sculptor in Meudon.
2. Venus de Milo
Venus of Milo (Aphrodite from Milo Island) is a famous ancient Greek sculpture, created approximately between 130 and 100 years before Christ. Aphrodite statue is made from white marble. It is believed that its creator is the sculptor Alexandros of Antioch. Sculpture was found in 1820 on the island of Milo, one of the Cycladic islands in the Aegean Sea. French sailor Olivier Voutier decided, having gone ashore, to look for antiquities for sale. Together with a local peasant, he unearthed the statue on ruins of an ancient amphitheater. Her hands were lost after the discovery, at the time of the conflict between the French, who wanted to take her to their country, and the Turks, who had the same intention.
1. Michelangelo’s David
David is the second king of Israel, the youngest son of Jesse of Bethlehem. He reigned over 47 years as a king of Judea, and then 33 years as a king of the united kingdom of Israel and Judea (with Jerusalem as its capital). The image of David is an ideal ruler. To the David is devoted a lot of art works from different eras and generations. For example, the famous sculpture of Michelangelo, paintings by Titian and Rembrandt, reflecting episodes from his life.
Check out this video for another take on some of the greatest sculptures in the world!
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